Qualitative Research Methodology for Dissertation: Guideline
Qualitative research methodologies gather data via unrestricted talks with respondents. The technique aims to figure out people’s personal opinions under the influence of the phenomenon being studied by the student. The process involves establishing their thoughts and the motivation behind these notions.
Students who use the qualitative methodology in their dissertation investigate problems in behavioral and social sciences. It should be straightforward to infer information from the descriptions obtained by the technique. However, it helps to learn the different approaches you can use for your paper.
Interviewing in Qualitative Research Methodology
Interviews represent the most frequently used kind of qualitative methodologies. Students should meet with the respondents in person while ensuring that they only talk to one of them in each interview. Since you will be conversing with your source of data, you will have plenty of opportunities to seek clarifications on the areas you do not understand.
Nevertheless, using this technique effectively may require some experience in asking the right questions. It also helps if you can also keep track of the respondent’s disposition to see if it equates to their answers. Thus, it can be an advantageous method for those seeking in-depth data.
Creating Focus Groups in Qualitative Research
This technique is likened to interviews since they share the same format—the researcher asks respondents questions and records their answers. However, focus groups involve about six to ten individuals. Additionally, you may not need to travel and meet these persons to collect data. Instead, you can issue out questionnaires online for them to fill out.
Observations in Qualitative Research Methodology
Observational research can allow you to collect unadulterated data for your dissertation. It may be disadvantageous to conduct interviews or focus groups, as some people may not be forthcoming with vital information. Also, some respondents may lie on the questionnaires or during the conversations. Observations may solve this issue of credibility and validity.
However, it may be more costly than the previously mentioned types. You will need to go to the field to do your observations, and this may increase the cost of working on your dissertation. Moreover, it may take a lot of time to observe the data points you want to collect.
Qualitative Case Study Research Methodology
A case study investigation involves an individual institution or body. The student’s objective should be to uncover the inner workings of a phenomenon as it presents in a real-life context. Ideally, you can use this technique to gather reliable and credible information by taking a deep dive into the specific elements you are researching.
In summary, there are other procedures that you can employ to conduct a qualitative research methodology for your dissertation. Ethnographic and record-keeping techniques are also used to provide invaluable information for your thesis. Thus, you should invest time in figuring out the right kind of method for your paper. Work closely with your dissertation supervisor to ensure you are on the right track with the write-up.